1995 in Ireland

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Riot at Lansdowne Road, February 15th
English fans riot at Lansdowne Road
January: The Taoiseach John Bruton held his first formal discussions with Gerry Adams, Sinn Féin leader.

From the first of January, parents of a still-born baby were able to register that child's birth, even if the child had been born before that date.

February:English football fans rioted at Lansdowne Road after the Irish team scored the first goal. The trouble was blamed on neo-Nazi group Combat 18.

The British Prime Minister John Major and Taoiseach John Bruton launched a framework for discussing the peace process in the North of Ireland.
March: Northern Ireland Secretary Sir Patrick Mayhew set out conditions for Sinn Féin joining all-party talks. Decommissioning of some weapons was mentioned. On the 24th, British patrols of greater Belfast were suspended at midnight.

April: Nearly two weeks after Gerry Adams ruled out IRA decommissioning during a radio interview, Catholic civilian Michael Mooney was shot dead. It was alleged he was a drug dealer executed by the IRA.

Sir Patrick Mayhew, Northern Ireland Secretary
Sir Patrick Mayhew, Northern Ireland Secretary

Poster against the extradition of Angelo Fusco
Poster opposing the extradition of IRA man Angelo Fusco

May: On the day that Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh visited Northern Ireland, the American President Bill Clinton approved a visa for Sinn Féin leader to enter the United States.

The final edition of The Irish Press and The Evening Press were published. The Irish Press had been running since 1931.

June: Ireland got through to the quarter-finals of the Rugby World Cup.

Packard Electric, based in Tallaght, Dublin, laid off four hundred of their workforce.

A court in Dublin ruled it would be '
unjust, oppressive and invidious' to allow the extradition of escaped republican prisoner Angelo Fusco.

British paratrooper Lee Clegg was released from prison three years after his sentence for shooting dead two teenage joyriders in Belfast.  The release led to rioting in Belfast.

July: Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Patrick Mayhew held a secret meeting with Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin.

Rioting spread after police blocked a key Orange Order march near Portadown.

August: After the crowd at a rally in Belfast called on Gerry Adams to bring back the IRA, he replied 'they haven't gone away, you know'.
Rioting in Belfast in the summer of 1995
Rioting in Belfast in the summer of 1995
Seamus Heaney
Irish author Seamus Heaney

David Trimble became leader of the Ulster Unionist Party.

In the Republic, the Cabinet agreed the wording of the Constitutional Amendment on divorce.

The European Court of Human Rights ruled that the 1988 killings of three IRA members by the SAS in Gibraltar had breached their right to life under the Human Rights Convention.

October: Irish author Seamus Heaney was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A court in England ruled that Irish paramilitary prisoners would retain their 'Category A' status.

November: South Africa's deputy-President, FW de Klerk, addressed the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation at Dublin Castle.

A referendum in the Republic was held on divorce. The people narrowly voted to allow it. The result went to a recount.

American President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary spent the day in Northern Ireland.

The European Court of Justice ruled that in passing the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 the UK had unlawfully acted in barring those with terrorist convictions from its shores. The challenge had been mounted by John Gallagher who had been imprisoned in the Irish Republic for weapons offences in 1983.

December: Bill Clinton visited Dublin and was received by a crowd of 80,000 people at College Green.

Plans for a light rail transit system in Dublin were announced. It would eventually be called Luas, and it would link the city centre with Howth, Blackrock and Bray.

A tribunal was set up to compensate victims of Hepatitis C.

Crowd awaiting Bill Clinton in Belfast
Crowd awaiting Bill Clinton in Belfast

Notable Deaths in Ireland

Name Date of death Age

Tom O'Reilly 1st February 79 Caven Gaelic footballer and independent TD for Cavan
Desmond Folley 5th February 54 Gaelic footballer and hurler, Fianna Fáil TD
Gerard Victory 14th March 73 Composer
Harold Marcus Ervine-Andrews 30th March 83 Recipient of Victoria Cross for gallantry in World War Two
John Lighton Synge 30th March 98 Mathematician and physicist
Jeremiah Newman 3rd April 69 Bishop of Limerick
Brian Coffey 14th April 89 Poet and publisher
Florrie Burke 24th April 86 Soccer player
Joseph Tomelty 7th June 84 Actor and playwright
Rory Gallagher 14th June 47 Guitarist
Ernest Walton 25th June 91 Nobel Prize winning physicist
Gordon Wilson 27th June 67 Peace campaigner
Seán Fallon 4th July 57 Fianna Fáil politician
Muriel Gahan 12th July (98) Rural campaigner
Paddy Keaveney 19th July 65 Fianna Fáil politician
Austin Bourke 1st August (82) Chess player
Johnny Carey 23rd August 76 Soccer player and manager
Frank Hall 21st September 74 Journalist and satirist
Sean Conway 27th September - Fianna Fáil senator
Brian Lenihan Snr 1st November 64 Fianna Fáil politician and cabinet member
Neil Blaney 8th November 74 Fianna Fáil politician, cabinet member and MEP
Coslett Quin 6th December 88 Church of Ireland priest, scholar and linguist
Philip Lawrence 8th December 48 Headmaster stabbed to death in London
Sir Colville Montgomery  Deverell 18th December 88 Cricketer and colonial administrator
P. A. Ó Síocháin 19th December (90) Journalist, author and lawyer
James Boucher 25th December 85 Cricketer

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