1953 in Ireland

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January: Sinn Féin decided to contest all twelve Northern Irish constituencies in the next Westminster elections.

The sea ferry MV Princess Victoria sank on its way from Scotland with the loss of 133 lives. Only 44 people survived.

Jay Yeomans, a survivor of the ferry disaster

Jay Yeomans, a surviver of the ferry disaster

February: The Summary Jurisdiction Act (Northern Ireland) received royal assent. It restricted press freedom as regards court reporting.

March: Up to ten thousand civil servants marched in Dublin for a just wage.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Junior asked the American Congress to support a United Ireland.

The winner of the An Tostal bike race
The winner of the An Tóstal bike race

April: The first Four Day Cycling Tour of Ireland was held.  It was part of 'An Tóstal', a celebration of Irishness which was to last until 1958. This began at Easter with the aim of bringing tourists to Ireland. Many towns began a clean-up campaign, the origins of the National Tidy Town awards, and a series of stamps was issued.

May: The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Act was introduced. It aimed to 'to abolish penal servitude, hard labour and prison divisions.'

Five hundred unemployed men marched at Kildare Street to demand employment rather than dole.

July: One thousand unemployed people staged a sit-down protest on O'Connell Bridge.

Taoiseach Éamonn de Valera called for the return of Roger Casement's remains; and Kilmainham Gaol was preserved as a national monument.
Stamps from 1953
Stamps from 1953 showing Robert Emmet
September: The Great Northern Railway was jointly nationalised by the governments of the Republic and Northern Ireland.

Inhabitant of the Blasket Islands
An old woman from the Blasket Islands
October: Three independent TDs became members of Fianna Fáil

November: The final inhabitants of the Blasket Islands were evacuated to the mainland.

A general election was held in Northern Ireland. The Ulster Unionists led by Basil Brooke retained power.

December: The Censorship Board banned almost one hundred publications for being indecent or obscene.

Notable Births in Ireland

Noel Dempsey, Fianna Fáil TD, Minister for Transport
Noel Dempsey
6th January
Des Smyth, golfer
Des Smyth
12th February
Eoin Ryan, former MEP
Eoin Ryan
24th February
Brian Kerr, football manager
Brian Kerr
3rd March
James Bannon, Fine Gael
James Bannon
6th March
Derek Daly, racing driver
Derek Daly
11th March
Mary Harney, former Tánaiste
Mary Harney
11th March
Richard Bruton, Fine Gael
Richard Bruton
15th March
Breeda Moynihan-Cronin, Labour Party
Breeda Moynihan-Cronin
31st March
Paul Darragh, showjumper
Paul Darragh
28th April
Pierce Brosnan, actor
Pierce Brosnan
16th May
Colm Meaney, actor
Colm Meaney
30th May
Jerry Kiernan, runner
Jerry Kiernan
31st May
Kathleen Lynch, Labour Party
Kathleen Lynch
7th June
John Moloney, Fianna Fail
John Moloney
12th June
Neil O'Donoghue, American football player
Neil O'Donoghue
18th June
Jim Glennon, former politician and business leader
Jim Glennon
7th July
Frank McGuinness, playwright
Frank McGuinness
29th July
Tom Parlon, Irish Progressive Democrats
Tom Parlon
19th August
Catherine Murphy, Independent politician
Catherine Murphy
1st September
Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin, Sinn Féin
Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin
18th September
Joe Waters, footballer
Joe Waters
20th September
Paudge Connolly, Independent politician
Paudge Connolly
23rd September
Dolores Keane, folksinger
Dolores Keane
26th September
Jimmy Holmes, footballer
Jimmy Holmes
11th November
Marian Harkin, MEP
Marian Harkin
26th November
Nicky Brenann, former hurler
Nicky Brennan
3rd December
Dessie Ellis, Sinn Féin
Dessie Ellis
Hugo Hamilton, writer
Hugo Hamilton
Mary Flaherty, Fine Gael
Mary Flaherty

Notable Deaths in Ireland

Name Date of death Age Details

Valentine McEntee, 1st Baron McEntee 11th February 82 Labour MP
John Caffrey 22nd February 61 Victoria Cross recipient
Tom Sharkey 17th April 79 Boxer
Philip Graves 3rd June 77 Journalist and writer
Frank Fahy 14th July 73 Sinn Féin MP/TD
James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn 12th September 83 Unionist Politician
Jack Rochford 17th October 71 Kilkenny hurler
John Counihan 30th October - Member of 1922 Seanad
Thomas F O'Higgins 1st November (63) Fine Gael TD
Patsy Donovan 25th December 88 Major League Baseball (born in Ireland)

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