|On this Day: September|
|1st||1914 - A protest by
locked-out workers led to serious riots in Dublin.
1939 - The Irish government declared a state of emergeny.
1994 - The Transition Year was introduced in all secondary schools.
|2nd||1946 - The Emergency Powers Act lapsed.|
|3rd||1649 - Siege of
1787 - The Leslie Baronetcy was created, becoming extinct in 1818.
|4th||1907 - Sinn Féin disrupted an Irish Parliamentary Party meeting.|
|5th||1926 - 48 people
died in a temporary cinema in Dromcolliher when it caught fire.
1954 - KLM Flight 633 crashed leaving Shannon airport, killing 27 people.
|6th||1899 - The Countess
of Shaftesbury laid the foundation stone of St Anne's Cathedral in
1994 - John Hume, the Taoiseach Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams meet to pledge support for
|7th||1599 - The Earl of Essex made an authorised truce with Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone.|
|8th||1893 - Second Home
Rule Bill rejected by the Lords.
1921 - David Lloyd George made a final offer to Éamon de Valera.
1933 - Fine Gael founded.
|9th||1362 - Death of John
de St Paul, Archbishop of Dublin.
1887 - Three men were killed by the police at an Irish National League demonstration at Mitchelstown.
1922 - First meeting of the Provisional Parliament (Third Dáil).
|10th||1580 - 600 papal
troops landed at Smerwick in Kerry to support the rebellion, but were
1763 - The 'Freeman's Journal' began publication in Dublin.
1928 - Irish pound issued.
|11th||1649 - Sack of Drogheda by Oliver Cromwell.|
|12th||1919 - The
Dáil Éireann was declared illegal.
1938 - Éamon de Valera was elected President of the Assembly of the League of Nations.
1997 - Mary Robinson resigned as President of Ireland to take up a post at the United Nations.
|13th||1845 - The
Gardener's Chronicle announced that the potato blight has appeared in
1914 - Roger Casement met the German military attaché Franz von Papen in Washingto
|14th||1607 - Flight of the
1921 - Sinn Féin put together a delegation to meet Lloyd George in London; it included Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith.
|15th||1647 - Sack of Cashel by Parliamentarian forces.|
|16th||1953 - Eamon de Valera and Winston Churcill met at Downing Street, their only meeting.|
|17th||1913 - Edward Carson declared that a Provisional Government would be set up if Home Rule were enacted.|
|18th||1867 - Thomas J.
Kelly and Timothy Deasy escaped while being transferred to jail in
1922 - Constitution of Saorstát Éireann Bill introduced by W. T. Cosgrave.
|19th||1923 - Fourth Dáil met for the first time at Leinster House.|
|20th||1600 - Beginning of
the Battle of Moyry Pass.
1803 - Execution of Robert Emmet
|21st||1795 - Battle of the Diamond.|
|22nd||1959 - First conference of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions, which was not recognised by Northern Ireland.|
|23rd||1798 - Battle of
Killala, the last major engagement of the 1798 Rising.
1992 - The IRA destroyed Belfast's forensic science laboratory.
|24th||1973 - Irish Foreign Minister Garret Fitzgerald announced the formation of an Executive for Northern Ireland and of a Council of Ireland, the reform of the RUC and civil service.|
|25th||1971 - Rally in
Dublin in support of civil disobedience in Northern Ireland.
1996 - Last Magdalene asylum, in Waterford, closed.
|26th||1932 - Éamon de Valera gave his inaugural speech as President of the League of Nations.|
|27th||1913 - 12,000 Ulster Volunteers paraded at Balmoral to protest Home Rule.|
|28th||1912 - 'Ulster Day'
on which the Ulster Covenant was signed.
2001 - Journalist Martin O'Hagan was killed by loyalists.
|29th||1979 - Pope John Paul II arrives in Ireland for a three-day visit.|
|30th||1942 - Winston
Churchill spoke in Parliament on the subject of armed raids from Eire
into Northern Ireland.
1971 - The DUP was launched by Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal.
Image from History
Fishermen at Greencastle in the early twentieth century
Greencastle, located on the north coast of the Inishowen Peninsula, was named for the Norman castle that still stands today. In Irish, the town is known as An Caisleán Nua. Greencastle was once a busy fishing port, and its first pier was constructed in 1813. Today, ferries and cruise ships use this quiet port town as a disembarkation point.
Visiting Greencastle during the 1940s, the author Harry Percival Swann recorded that 'we had a ramble round the old ivy-mantled Norman castle erected by Richard de Burgh in the 14th century... An invitation to a local ceilidhe was readily accepted, and greatly enjoyed until the small hours of the morning'.
Author: Peter Pringle, Philip Jacobson
Those Are Real Bullets, Aren't They?
Publisher: Fourth Estate
Date published: 2011
Bloody Sunday 1972: the day a civil rights march in Derry led to carnage. Narrated by journalists who covered events at the time, this book delves into the fate of the victims in unflinching detail. One of the first struck down, John Johnston, had not even been on the march. Marshall Paddy Doherty was cut down while trying to crawl to safety. Thinking to save him, Barney McGuigan stepped out waving a white flag; he was shot where he stood. Businessman Gerry McKinney died in an alley. The Paras picked up bodies by their hair and feet and slung them into a Pig; wounded survivors were mistreated, the bereaved were mocked, and soldiers tried to prevent first aiders from treating the wounded. Nail bombs mysteriously appeared on the body of an unarmed teenager and the law-abiding Joe Friel was falsely accused of carrying a gun. This is the human story of Bloody Sunday, a must-read for anyone who wants to understand the massacre that unfolded on January 30th 1972.
Passing northward to the mining
and manufacturing districts
Irish women working in a British factory
There is an Irish population in
In the towns of West Yorkshire,
as in all other places where
labour wins bread and perseverance competence, we meet with an Irish
possessing power, position, and intelligence, and exercising in every
of life a marked influence on the communities among whom they reside.
but little to vary the lot of the Irish residents in the
| Since the establishment of
household suffrage the number of Irish voters (parliamentary) is
estimated at 3,000. As the total number of electors in the borough is
21,000, the proportion of one-seventh shows itself here also. The
political parties in the borough being very nearly balanced, it follows
the present time, and for so far into the future as this relative
parties continues, the decision of every contested parliamentary
absolutely in the Irish vote. This was proved conclusively at the last
election. At that time, however, the Irish in
Irish emigrants in the 1840s
Cartoon appearing in Punch
Hitherto the Irish vote was a
constant quantity in the
equation of English parties. The Whigs – or, as Sam Slick
called them, “the
weakest and smallest party, but that which always cheats at
cards”, and “aint
above looking into the hands of their adversaries”
– regarded the Irish vote as
their special patrimony. But it is not an inheritance of theirs after
Irish vote in