November 2014

History Selection

Theobald Wolfe Tone, died November 1798
Theobald Wolfe Tone
committed suicide
 November 1798
Oscar Wilde died November 1900
Oscar Wilde
 November 1900
Kevin Barry hanged November 1920
Kevin Barry
 November 1920
Robert Erskine Childers executed November 1922
R. E. Childers
 November 1922
George Bernard Shaw Died November 1950
George Bernard Shaw
 November 1950
W.T. Cosgrave Died November 1965
W.T. Cosgrave
 November 1965

Ireland in 1999

January 2nd: The Orange Order organised two rallies in Portadown to support Orange demonstrators at Drumcree.

January 3rd: It was reported that RUC members claimed to know who was responsible for the Omagh bombing, but didn't have enough evidence to press charges.

January 3rd: Boyzone held a concert in Omagh in support of the victims of the bombing.

January 13th: Derek Hill became the eleventh honorary citizen of Ireland.

January 27th: Former IRA Eamon Collins, who had written about his experiences, was violently killed.

February 5th: The Revenue and Social Insurance Number (RSI No) became the Personal Public Service Number (PPS No).

February 8th: Death of novelist Iris Murdoch.

Eamon Collins
Eamon Collins
Aftermath of the bomb that killed Rosemary Nelson
Aftermath of the bomb that killed Rosemary Nelson
March 8th: The British and Irish governments signed four international treaties aimed at establishing the institutions of the devolved government in Northern Ireland.

March 15th: Rosemary Nelson, a Lurgan solicitor, was killed by loyalists.

March 29th: Talks took place at Hillsborough Castle.

March 31st: The Irish Land Commission was dissolved.

April 1st: The Hillsborough Declaration set out a framework for establishing the Executive.

April 10th: Sligo band Westlife released their first single, Swear It Again, which would the first UK number one.

April 12th: A UN report on the RUC criticised them for harassing solicitors. It also called for an independent inquiry into the killing of Pat Finucane.

April 13th: Political Talks resumed at Stormont.

April 27th: The States of Fear television series about historical institutional child abuse began broadcasting.

May 21st: Gay Byrne hosted his last Late Late Show.

May 22nd: The electorate of both the Republic and the North went to the polls to vote on the Good Friday Agreement.

May 23rd: The Good Friday Agreement was unanimously approved by the electorate.

May 28th: The body of Eamon Molloy, one of the 'Disappeared', was recovered.

Scene from States of Fear
Scene from States of Fear
Drumcree, 1999
Drumcree, 1999
June 5th: Elizabeth O'Neill, a Protestant married to a Catholic, was killed by Loyalists who bombed her home in Portadown.

June 17th: UEFA hit the Football Association of Ireland with a fine of £25,000.

July 4th: 'Drumcree V' - the fifth year in a row of trouble at the Orange Order parade at Drumcree, Portadown.

July 15th: An attempt to form the Executive of the Northern Ireland Assembly collapsed when David Trimble and other UUP Assembly members failed to attend the sitting.

July 30th: The IRA killed Charles Bennett, a taxi-driver from New Lodge. The murder caused some to question the IRA ceasefire.

August 8th: The INLA issued a statement confirming that its war was over.

August 28th: 80,000 fans turned up to a Robbie Williams concert at Slane Castle.

September 6th: George Mitchell began his Review of the Good Friday Agreement.

September 9th: The Patten Report on policing in Northern Ireland was released.

October 12th: Peter Mandelson arrived in Belfast as the new Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, replacing Mo Mowlam.

October 20th: Death of former Taoiseach Jack Lynch.

November 18th: George Mitchell issued his final statement concluding the Review of the Agreement. He said the basis existed for devolution to occur.

Peter Mandelson with Mo Mowlam in 1999
Peter Mandelson with Mo Mowlan in 1999
Text of the constitution, 1999
Text of the constitution, 1999
November 23rd: The RUC was awarded the George Cross for gallantry.

November 28th: A meteorite passed over Leighlinbridge in Co. Carlow.

November 29th: Ten designated ministers were appointed to the power-sharing Northern Ireland Assembly.

December 2nd: The Irish Government ratified changes to Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution, and direct rule from Westminster in Northern Ireland ended.

December 2nd: Foras na Gaeilge was established under the GFA to promote the Irish language throughout the island of Ireland.

December 13th: The first meeting of the North/South Ministerial Council took place in Armagh.

Book Review

De Valera in America: The Rebel President's 1919 Campaign

Author:     Dave Hannigan

Publisher: The O'Brien Press Ltd

Date published: 2008

De Valera in America: The Rebel President's 1919 Campaign

In June 1919, as conflict loomed in Ireland, a tall, bespectacled man arrived in the United States, smuggled abroad the SS Lapland. This same man had escaped from an English jail three months earlier. He was Éamon de Valera, and he had come to America as the President of the Irish Republic.

After a secret reunion with the mother he had barely seen since early childhood, de Valera stepped out into the public gaze. His initial meetings with Irish-American leaders, including the famous John Devoy, were amicable. Following a punishing schedule, de Valera travelled between cities where he was greeted by rapturous crowds. The Chippewa tribe honoured him with the title Nenaa'angebi or 'Dressing feather'. De Valera's aim was to gain American backing for Irish independence and admittance into the League of Nations. With war flaring at home, he tried to raise bonds in the future Republic.

However, all did not go smoothly. Cracks between the Irish and the Irish-American leadership developed into chasms. Particularly controversial was a remark de Valera made to the effect that he would support a relationship between Britain and Ireland mirroring that between American and Cuba. In reality, Cuba was a vassal state.

De Valera's later rallies, in the south, ran into opposition from anti-Catholic forces. Returning to Ireland after more than a year away, he left behind a mixed legacy. While he had brought the issue of Irish freedom into American consciousness, he had failed to obtain anything more than 'sympathy' from their politicians and had arguably split the Irish nationalist movement.

Extracts from 'Ireland Old News'

View of Cork, by John Butts

View of Cork, by John Butts

Corke Journal, 1 January 1756


GARDINER Nursery and Seed's-man, living above the Old-barracks in Cat-lane, Corke, sells all sorts of Fruit and Forest Trees, Flowering Shrubs and Ever-greens, Peaches, Nectarines, Apricots, Almonds, from one to three Years old, some formed to the walls; Pears, Plums, Cherries, fit for Walls or Standards; Pears upon the Quince stocks; Apples upon the right Dwarf and free stock; fit for Table-fruit, some of them in Flower Pots; a large collection of Apple Trees fit for Orcharding of different kinds; Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Poplar, Alder, Quick-beam, Horn-beam, Beech, Limes, Elms, Horse Chestnuts, Sweet Chestnuts, Wallnuts, [sic] all of different fixes and ages; Yews, Hollies, Fillereays, Laverstines, Arbutus, The Glossenberry Thorn, Guilder Rose, Buckhorn Mulberry Trees, Phirecantus, or Evergreen Thorn, Scotch Fir, Spruce Fir, Silver Fir, from one foot to five foot high, often transplanted; Crab and White-thorn Quicks; a large quantity of Gooseberry and Currant Trees of choice kinds; likewise he has all sorts of new Garden seeds, Early Peas and Beans, the large Dutch Asparagus Roots, the green Butterfly Asparagus Roots, from one to three Years old; Colly-flower Plants, Artychoak [sic] Plants and Cabbage Plants. All the above articles he is resolved to sell for ready money, as reasonable as any man in the city, and hopes to give entire satisfaction to such as may be pleased to favour him with their custom.

St Patrick's Bridge in Cork, 1770

St Patrick's Bridge in Cork, 1770

by Nathaniel Grogan

Corke Journal, 19 August 1762

Whereas Margaret Ahern, otherwise Hanlon, wife of William Ahern of Crofters in the County of Corke, hath elop'd from her said husband, this is therefore to caution all persons from crediting her on my account, as I will pay no debts contracted by her. Given under my hand this 9th of August 1762, WILLIAM AHERN

Hibernian Chronicle 1 December 1777

DIED -- Saturday, Mr. Robert Ahern, cooper. His death was occasioned by bruises he received from falling over the Drawbridge - quays on Wednesday night last.

Hibernian Chronicle 18 June 1778

DIED -- Last Tuesday evening at his house in Cat Lane, in an advanced age, Mr. Garrett Ahern, an eminent nursery and seedsman, a sincere friend, a tender exemplarary parent and a man of the strictest probity, most cordially regretted by a numerous acquaintance, more particularly the poor, by whom his loss is severely felt.

Ennis Chronicle, Co. Clare, Ireland, Thurs 21 Mar 1793


Limerick March 20 Last night Mrs. JELLICO confectioner fell into the river and was drowned.

Ennis Chronicle, 17 October 1793

Limerick, 16th: Died at Askeaton, in the 120th year of his age, Dr. Ahern.

Clare Journal Co. Clare, Ireland Monday, 13th February 1797

To Maurice O'Connor Esq, Vice Provost of Ennis. Sir, We the Inhabitants of this town, take this opportunity of expressing our most perfect approbation of the great zeal, unwearied diligence and strict impartiality you exerted in billeting the Soldiery in the late marches through it, being entirely convinced that in the discharge of that duty your conduct was governed by the most unbiased wishes for the public good. The period was awful and alarming, far beyond any example of our time: It was not a time for langour or parsimony, and here, Thank Heaven, there did not appear a symptom of either: all, as if but one, animated by the same spirit of loyalty and diligence to the best of Kings, cherished the weary soldier with liberality, doubly comfortable because administered with cheerfulness.

Hibernian Chronicle 18 December 1797

DIED -- Last week at Carrigeen near Doneraile, John Ahern, farmer, aged 111 years. He was in perfect health until a few days before his death, and used to walk a quarter of a mile every Sunday and Holyday to Mass. -- At Ballinree, in the same parish, James Stuart, a farmer, aged upwards of 102 years. A singular instance happening in one week, and in the same parish, of the death of two such ancient persons.

Ennis Chronicle, Co. Clare, Ireland, 27 Apr 1797


On Monday April 24, Mr. Neville, excise officer with a guard of the Cork Militia destroyed an illicit distillery near Ennistymon- disastrous circumstances occurred-amongst the killed Mr. Charles Carrige of Ennistymon and Mr Cassidy of Ballymacraven it is feared mortally wounded Neville committed to Jail.

Ennis Chronicle Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland March 1798


Limerick. Died last Monday Walker Jackson Esq, well known for his musical taste and compositions, one of he best landlords and an honest man.

The New Cork Evening Post, 5 March 1798

Last Tuesday, John Stockdale was committed by the House of Lords to Kilmainham Jail for 6 months, and until he pays a Fine of 500l. for having published in the News-paper called the PRESS, a libel on a Peer of that House.

Globe Lane, Cork, by John Gilbert

Globe Lane, Cork, by John Gilbert

The New Cork Evening Post, 5 March 1798

The Inhabitants of Castle-Lyons, Rathcormack, and Neighbourhood, take this method of testifying their approbation, of the good behaviour of the Detachment of the 89th Regiment, quartered at Castle-Lyons these five month's past. ; and they beg to express their warmest thanks to Lieutenants John and Archibald Macdonald, of said Regiment, for their great exertions to preserve the peace, and to protect the persons and property of individuals, and while they regret the removal of these Officers, on whom they placed their full confidence and reliance, they sincerely hope to see their merits rewarded in that profession, to which their conduct has done honour.

New Cork Evening Post, 4 March 1799

Patrick McNamara, by Trade a Shoemaker, a Native of Drumcolliher, co. Limerick, borrowed a dark chestnut Horse with a short Tail, a Star in his Forehead, heavy Headed, on Monday the 18th of last Month, and has not since returned him ; whoever gives intelligence of said Horse will be paid Half-a-Guinea by John Bowen, of Glenville, Smith.

Clare Journal Ennis, co. Clare, Ireland Tuesday, 23 July 1799


Ennis. July 23, Died Last night opposite the Court House. Mrs. Janns, wife of Richard Janns Esq.

From the Ennis Chronicle, Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland 26 September 1799:

We whose Names are hereunto subscribed, deeply interested in the peace and prosperity of the Co. of Clare and Kingdom at large, APPROVE of the Measure of a LEGISLATIVE UNION with Great Britain on equal and liberal principles, and on a sense of mutual interests and affection, as the only means of tranquilizing this County, and abolishing those religious distinctions which have unhappily distracted this Kingdom.

New Cork Evening Post, 9 December 1799


That there is a strayed bay MARE, with a star in her forehead, and an eyesure on one of her hind legs near the hoof, in Cornelius Curtain's Stables, Blackpool, there three weeks past. which will be sold on Friday next by Auction on the Parade, for the expences, If no Owner is found who proves property.

Clare Journal, Co Clare, Ireland Tuesday, 17th December 1799

We, the undersigned Retailers of Wines, Spirituous Liquors, Beer and Porter of the town of Ennis (being requested to do so by our Surveyor C.P. Bolton Esq) do give this Public Notice to the several unlicensed retailers in said town and its vicinity that if they do not immediately desist from their illicit practices, we stand pledged to each other to prosecute them as the law requires. Ennis, 12 December 1799.

The Ennis Chronicle, 12 March 1801


A few nights ago, the house of Arthur Gethin Creagh, Esq; near Cork, was broken into by a number of villains and robbed of near 200l. in Notes, &c. Monday night a large Stack of Oats, the property of John Vaughan, Farmer, at Glanomera, Co. Clare, was maliciously set on fire and entirely destroyed. Yesterday. Wm Ahern, of Ardpatrick in this County, returning home from this City, was attacked by two men near Ballyfeed, armed with pistols, who robbed him of a pocket book containing 36 guineas in Bank Notes and Cash.

The Ennis Chronicle, 15 June 1801

Died, on Thursday last, at his seat at Corbally, Wm. Spaight, Esq; formerly Captain in the 65th Regiment ; a Gentleman universally respected by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance.

The Ennis Chronicle, 26 November 1801

Deaths. In Clonard, Captain Thomas Barlow—Mrs. Dixon, wife to James Dixon, Esq;—On the Merchant's-quay, Mrs. Emilia Sinnet, wife of T. Sinnet, Esq.—At Edenderry, in the King's county of a lingering illness, Thomas Grattan, Esq M.D.—At St. Martin's, of the yellow fever, the Hon. Capt. de Ramsay, of the 1st battalion of the Royals—In India, Captain Cross, of the Pioneer Corps—In China, Major John Munro, of the East India Company's service—At Calcutta, Captain Joseph Stokoe, of the Engineers—At Penang, Lieut. Hayley, of the Braave [sic]—Lieut. Gorden, and Ensign Nevil, of the 17th Regt.